What is CBD?

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WHAT IS CBD?

t’s not a stretch to say that CBD (cannabidiol) is one of the most exciting and promising compounds currently being studied by the medical and scientific communities. Although government regulatory agencies have not yet ruled on the use of CBD to treat many of the symptoms and conditions it’s currently being investigated for, the FDA did make headlines recently for approving the first CBD-derived medication to treat certain forms of severe epilepsy.

In the meantime, misinformation and confusion about CBD still abounds due to the relatively recent emergence and widespread awareness of this fascinating compound. Let’s take a deep dive into what cannabidiol (CBD) is, and exactly what it does — and doesn’t — do.

Cannabis is the plant genus name used to identify a type of flowering plant that includes marijuana and hemp. Marijuana and hemp are both part of the Cannabis Genus, yet they’re different. Similar to how oranges and limes are both considered Citrus fruits, but look and taste differently. Marijuana plants are high in THC, the chemical compound that causes a “high”. Marijuana that contains THC is typically used by adults for recreational purposes. Hemp plants are low in THC and high in Cannabidiol, or CBD. CBD doesn’t result in a “high” and is used by those who enjoy the benefits of marijuana but don’t want to interact with THC when it comes to reaching a sense of relaxation.

CBD oil contains pressed oil from the flowers, leaves, and stems of full-grown hemp plants that are rich in CBD. Hemp oil contains pressed oil from the seeds of the hemp plant and does not contain CBD. However, sometimes CBD oil can be labeled as hemp extract oil to avoid legal ramifications.

As we stated earlier, your body already has a wildly complex endocannabinoid system that affects several different areas and functions. That system is rife with “receptors,” sites that await cannabinoid molecules presence. When the cannabinoid nears, the receptor will bind it to itself, creating a sophisticated chemical interaction that modern science is only just beginning to scratch the surface of understanding.

Unlike its sister molecule THC, CBD does not make you feel high — but don’t think that a lack of psychoactive or intoxicating effects means that nothing is occurring. On the contrary, it’s very clear that there are many chemical responses that occur when CBD binds to those cannabinoid receptors. That being said, the endocannabinoid system is ubiquitous in the human body, affecting nearly all major functions in some way (especially homeostatic regulation). Because of this, it’s quite a task to discern everything that CBD does, precisely, when the binding occurs. That’s where the research is at right now: trying to solve that very mystery.

Though they share the same source plant family (cannabis), there is a huge difference between CBD and THC — both in the effect they have, as well as the way they chemically interact with your body. Until recently, CBD was somewhat stigmatized and not taken seriously as a potential medically therapeutic agent due to its chemical proximity to THC (the chemical that creates an intoxicating “high”). Now that those barriers are coming down, CBD is finally being scientifically explored in full for the first time. When it comes to CBD vs. THC, let’s set the record straight once and for all.

No, an overdose on CBD oil is highly unlikely.

No, an overdose on CBD Oil is highly unlikely and at worst, would result in drowsiness or nausea. As a global approach, we recommend, “starting low and going slow” to find your personal preference. For more personalized dosage recommendations, visit our CBD Dosage Guide, here.

Non-psychoactive/intoxicating

Indirect agonist of cannabinoids

Binds to the allosteric receptor site

Non-toxic and safe for humans and animals

Cannabidiol is a popular natural remedy used for many common ailments.

Better known as CBD, it is one of over 100 chemical compounds known as cannabinoids found in the cannabis or marijuana plant

  CBD Oil Benefits horizontal infographic illustration about cannabis as herbal alternative medicine and chemical therapy, healthcare and medical science vector.

 

Understanding Spectrums

Hemp extracts that are full spectrum contain a huge range of compounds. They typically contain all 113 cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. Each of these compounds affects the body in its own way. In full-spectrum CBD you can expect to find CBD, CBG, amino acids, trace amounts of THC, and more.

Full Spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum extracts contain many of the same powerful compounds found in full-spectrum. The primary difference is that broad-spectrum products don’t contain any THC. This is beneficial for users who are subject to regular drug tests or make a living as a professional athlete.  

Broad spectrum cbd

Isolate products are fairly self-explanatory. It’s all in the name! CBD isolate is comprised of 99.9% pure cannabidiol. This means that it can be enjoyed by purists, professionals, and athletes alike. 

The world Anti-Doping Association has strict regulations regarding the use of cannabis. Most compounds from the plant are banned. The only hemp compound that isn’t banned is CBD. This is why so many Olympic athletes use CBD isolate products. They get to enjoy the benefits of CBD for training and recovery without having to worry about penalized by WADA. 

Isolate CBD

Using CBD Products

It always varies by person and individual needs. We recommend beginning with half a dropper and slowly increasing the dosage as needed anywhere that isn’t exposed to constant light or heat please read our guide here

It varies with needs. We recommend starting with a small amount once or twice per day and slowly increasing as needed.

Fill the dropper with the recommended amount for serving size (found on the bottle) and place the oil under your tongue. Hold it under your tongue for about 30 seconds before swallowing for maximum absorption.

CBG and CBG oil are very similar to CBD and CBD oil. CBD is actually a derivative of CBG and they are both cannabinoids that come from the hemp plant. Both CBD and CBG have been shown to have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties and are being further researched. Full-spectrum CBD products often contain CBG. CBG may also help with mental clarity as well as digestive issues.

Storing CBD Products

CBD oil does not need to be refrigerated, but if you would prefer to take it chilled you can store it in your fridge without impacting the product. If you prefer storing your oil, tincture, capsules, etc. at room temperature, simply leave them in the bottle anywhere that isn’t exposed to constant light or heat.

Unless the packaging of your CBD product indicates you should store it in the fridge, you’re more than welcome to store it at room temperature. Keep it in a cool, dark place, such as a cabinet or desk drawer.

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